The Parthenon is the main ruins of ancient Athens. This is a temple built in the 5th century BC, as a tribute to the goddess Athena. In building the temple, the citizens of Athens thanked the goddess Athena, the patron of Athens, for helping them win the war against the Persians. The Parthenon was built right in the place where before stood a more ancient temple that the Persians destroyed during the war.
Like many ancient buildings around the world, and like many pieces of art throughout history, the Parthenon is built in the proportions of the "golden ratio," according to the rules of aesthetics that crossed periods, known as "divine proportion."
Besides the Parthenon, the Acropolis in Athens has many other ruins of former buildings, like the Temple of Athena and the Erechtheion. There are two theaters and a variety of statues from ancient times.
It was built in the Dori style, as you can see by the special crowning on its columns. The Parthenon is built of 8 horizontal Dorian columns, and 17 vertical columns. The Dori style represents the most fascinating architecture to survive to this day, and this is without a doubt the best Dori building in the world.
In ancient times, the Parthenon consisted of two rooms. The first was "The Virgin Room," which is also the meaning of the word Parthenon. The second, "The Treasure Room," a place where the treasures where held collected as taxes by Athens. At the center of the temple was a statue of Athena, created by the famous sculptor Phidias, a big name in the sculpting world at the time, it is the same man who sculpted the statue of Zeus in Olympia, a statue that was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. This was a large statue, made of wood and covered with ivory and gold.
The perfect proportions of the Parthenon, and the great placement of the columns, as well as its height on the Acropolis, are what make this site a must-visit while in Athens.
To be precise, the building of the Parthenon began in 447 BC, and was finalized 9 years later, in 438 BC.
During the years, the Parthenon was used in consideration with the changing tides of history in Athens. In certain periods it was also a church, a mosque, and even an ammunition warehouse.
Throughout the years, though the building has survived, it was damaged quite a bit. It happened mainly when it was bombed, at the time of the Venetian siege over Athens, in 1687. The Parthenon was also completely destroyed, but partially remained.