The temple, who many simply call Cape Sounion, is one of the most famous temples in Greece, and without a doubt of the most impressive, not only in its classic architecture, but also in its location. This is an ancient site located on an extremely picturesque spot, on a hill located right at the end of the Sounion peninsula, surrounded by the endless blue sea, with a panoramic view of the Saronic Gulf towards the faraway islands, especially the island of Patroklos that is right across.
For thousands of years that the remains of the monumental Temple of Poseidon have been overlooking the Cape towards the sea. It stands on the high hill at the southern end of Attica Island, only 69 miles southwest of Athens and thousands of years from the modern age.
By the way, a pretty place to take a photo of the temple is from the hill nearby. From here you can capture the temple and the marble columns across from the blue sea, with white sailing boats in the background.
Actually, the Temple of Poseidon was built over the ruins of an earlier temple, that was destroyed about 40 years before the construction. These were the soldiers of Xerxes I, who invaded the ancient temple and destroyed it, while destroyed the Acropolis as well. Xerxes I is the Greek named for Ahasuerus I, King of Persia Hamman in the years 485 to 465 BC.
The beauty of the place left a big impression of many throughout history. In the Sounion peninsula and Cape Sounion visited one of the most well-known people to have been influenced by the place. This was the British poet Lord Byron. He visit here between 1810-1811, when he made his first visit to Greece and lived in Athens for a few months. The name of the romantic English poet is etched today on the base of one of the temple's columns, it is though that he himself carved the words into the stone, though this is not proven. Either way, the Lord Byron also reminds Sounion in his song "Isle of Greece":
Place me on Sunium's marbled steep
Where nothing save the waves
and I May hear our mutual murmurs sweep.
In general, Cape Sounion is really close to the center of Greece, and is no more than an hour and a half from Athens, or a 20-minute ride from Athens' international airport. Come and visit!
The entrance fee is 4 euros per person.
There is an eatery at the entrance to the site, but be sure to bring a water bottle with you, it may get hot.