The island is located where the Hudson River meets the Bay. It was controlled by Holland, England, and even France for a short while. In the past, the island was used as a military port called Port Wood. For its special shape, the island won the nickname "Star Post." Throughout the years it has been given many other nicknames, like "Great Oyster Island, " "Love Island," and more.
Today, the island belongs to the federal government of the United States. Since the 2001 terror attack on 9/11, it is protected 24 hours a day by the United States Coast Guard.
In 1756, while an epidemic was raging in Philidelphia, the island was used to enclose those suffering of Smallpox. In 1759 New York purchased the island for 1,000 pounds.
Today, you can see the Statue of Liberty on the island, and it is not inhabited by anyone. You can arrive here by ferry that leaves from Battery Park on Manhattan, and also from Liberty State Park in Jersey City, New Jersey.
In 1877 Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi offered to create the statue "Liberty Enlightening the World." In 1916, the statue was damaged in the Black Tom explosion.
In 1924 the statue was declared a National Monument, and in 1933 the island moved to the ownership of the Interior Department, overseen by the Parks and Recreation Department. The remains from the Fort are used as the base for the statue, but most of what was here was destroyed between 1944-1950.
The plan was to destroy American ammunition that was on its way to the Allied forces during World War I. During this incident, the United States had not yet declared it was joining the war, is famous for the damage it caused the Statue of Liberty.