Although Mirò's works are scattered throughout Barcelona, this museum was founded by the artist himself. His main goal was to present his works and encourage their dissemination, but he also planned to bring to the public's attention contemporary art in all its aspects.
The museum opened in 1975, on the summit of the Montjuïc Mountain, surrounded by gardens and sculptures. Montjuïc got its name in the Middle Ages, as a place where Jews buried their dead, because they were not allowed to bury them in the city, together with the Christians.
The building designed by architect Josep Lluís Sert, who was a friend of Mirò but also one of the leading architects in the field.
In the museum you can see 225 paintings and 150 sculptures by the artist from various periods in which he created. A review of Mirò's life is also reflected here, from his birth in Barcelona in 1893, to his death. A total of 14,000 works, most of them unfinished, are displayed on three full stories.
In the museum you will also see works by other artists from the 20th century. Please note that the entrance floor is dedicated to young artists.
Due to the excellent location of the museum on the mountain top, its balcony is a spectacular view of the city and you can see other sculptures by the artist.
His works, which are sometimes childish, do not fit his serious appearance and the nature of his hard work. His paintings and sculptures are well known, especially for their strong colors and geometrical shapes. In his work Mirò used various materials, including watercolor, ink and pastel colors, but also materials such as sand and tar.
The meaning of Surrealism in art is "above reality." It is a stream in which art combines irrationality and surprise. Surreal works combine images of an illogical dream, with a surprising resemblance. It was Andre Breton who founded the movement and adopted the name Surrealism, which was given by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire in 1917.
Look out into the external world outside the window of the artist, Surrealism seeks to change the direction of observation and look inside, into the human mind, and into the human soul. This stream uses dreams, imaginations, and the subconscious as a source of artistic inspiration.
The movement was born in response to the global shock that gripped the artists following World War I. This great war gave rise to a serious sense of failure of logic and order, which had prevailed until then. So, Surrealism began as a new stream of art, one that operates without logic, reason and order, but out of randomness, creativity and correction mental problems and difficulties of humans. Sigmund Freud's ideas about the unconscious also influenced Surrealism.