Truth is, the history of the square is long and significant. After the 19th century, the city walls were completely destroyed, different city planners from around the world came and offered different ideas for the public lands of the city. The square itself was planned in 1859 but was only actually constructed in 1888, the same year as the World Expo was held in Barcelona. The first time the square was open for visitors was 1902.
Throughout the years the square was used as a place for rulers and leaders for public protests. Towards the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929, changes were made in the square - buildings and the underground train.
The size of the square is 50,000 square meters, and around you will find stores, restaurants, hotels, and other huge buildings. In the square many pigeons gather daily. It is interesting to see the statues placed here, like the statue of the "The Shepherd with the Flute," by Pablo Gargallo, and 'La Diosa' (The Goddess) by Josep Clarà.
Want to shop? - In the square is one of the chains of El Corte Inglés that can help you find all. If it's winter, from the 7th of January until the end of March there are wonderful sales.