The botanical gardens, considered the most ancient in Europe, were established in 1755 by King Ferdinand VI. It was a time when botany was a popular hobby, and very popular among European nobility. In 1781 the gardens were design and renovated by the architect Juan de Villanueva, and the botanist Gomez Ortega.
In the botanical gardens there are almost 100,000 plants, different bushes, including herbs, medicinal plants and water plants. There is also a great greenhouse with tropical vegetation that requires a controlled climate and quite a few pleasant corners, which will allow rest for visitors, between the beautiful vegetation and the special trees.
At the store at the entrance you can buy books about botanical gardens, dried plants, photos, and souvenirs.