The square is surrounded by statues of the Visigothic kings, who ruled Spain before the Arab conquest. Before they were moved to the square, the plan was that they would be placed in the royal palace. Changing times, and rising and falling prestige led the statues to find themselves transferred honorably to the Plaza de Oriente.
In any case, the young king's political views were adopted by his father and grandfather. He believed that he should protect the Habsburgs, support the Catholic Church, and try as much as possible to expand the territory of his family. As a result, the Spanish kingdom was weakened by a series of difficult wars waged by Spain, Holland, France, Portugal, Britain, and Protestant forces in the Holy Roman Empire.