The museum was built in the 19th century, in 1867. It was planned by the architect Francisco Jareño y Alarcón, and its original purpose was to store collections of the Kings of Spain in various fields. These fields ranged from ethnography, archeology, Numismatics, meaning money, and decorative art pieces.
In the museum notice the findings from the ancient culture Los Millares, that was here before the Copper Age, in the third century AD. More interesting cultures are the Bell Beaker culture, named after its typical drinking vases, the ancient culture El Arger, and the Megalithic culture, who left their stamp in the Balearic Islands of Spain, in the shape of Taulas.
If you exit to the museum garden, you can see an amazing model of the Cave of Altamira, and the prehistoric drawings discovered inside. Spectacular paintings from the end of the Paleolithic period (Early Stone Age).