The large monument is impressive, and located next to Madrid, in the Guadarama Mountain range. It was built between 1940-1958.
The monument is made from a large wide space, that from the start was meant for a place for ceremonies to take place, in the memory of the fallen, and for the new government. However, these ceremonies never took place, and after the opening ceremony, the space has never been used again.
In the monument there is also the longest church in the world. This is a basilica whose length is 262 meters. It was cut through the stone at a depth of 250 meters, by prisoners of the Republic. The construction was difficult, and many workers died during this time. Above the door at the entrance to the church you can see the statue by Pietà of Juan de Avaros.
Above the church, you can see a huge cross, at the height of 150 meters above the tall mountain. This cross can be seen from far away. If you climb to the base of the cross, you will see a magnificent view of the entire area.
The idea to construct this monument came from General Francisco Franco, at the one-year anniversary of his victory and power over Spain. He announced his plans for this special site, where victims would be commemorated. His purpose was to try and heal the wounded nation, and bring it back to its feet. This is after the trauma of the Civil War, where many Spaniards were hurt, either in Franco's armies or on the other side. 40,000 soldiers that fought in that war, on either side, were buried here.
By the way, years later, Franco was also buried alongside these soldiers. Next to him is also buried his friend and Fascist political party organizer Primo de Rivera.