Since the establishment of this monument in 1963, it has commemorated the "heroes of the struggle for freedom and socialism." It was used for this purpose until 1990. But shortly after the Romanian Revolution and after the overthrow of the Communist dictator Ceaușescu, the purpose of the monument and the mausoleum in which Dr. Petre Groza, the first Communist leader of Romania and Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, the dictator of Romania until 1965, it became, as noted, the commemoration of the simple soldiers.
This magnificent building is a monument to the soldiers who fell in wars. It is a monument to the "unknown heroes," the unknown soldiers that each army perpetuates, because they are soldiers who have never been buried because their remains were not found on the battlefield and in general.
The monument leads to a wide, high staircase. Pay attention to the eternal fire burning alongside the monument and the two sentries, who are soldiers standing by it at all hours of the day. The place was indeed kept by soldiers from the Romanian army, both for the honor of the fallen and to avoid vandalism.
Sometimes, there is a chance to see the nice ceremony of the changing of the guard.